BharatNet, one of the biggest rural telecom projects in the world, implemented in a phased manner to all Gram Panchayats (approximately 2.5 lakh) in the country for providing non-discriminatory access to broadband connectivity to all the telecom service providers. Objective is to enable access providers like mobile operators, Internet Service Providers (ISPs), Cable TV operators, content providers to launch various services such as applications like e-health, e-education and e-governance in rural and remote India. The project has been approved by Union Cabinet on 25.10.2011. The project is being executed by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) namely Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL), which has been incorporated on 25.02.2012 under Indian Companies Act 1956. On 30.04.2016, the Telecom Commission approved to implement the project in three phases.

So far, 211,335 Gram Panchayats are connected through the BharatNet project and 681,864 Km of OFC has been laid. Additionally, 924,693 Fibre-To-The-Home (FTTH) connections are commissioned and 104,675 Wi-Fi hotspots are installed to ensure last-mile connectivity. (as on 18.03.2024)

Status so far

BharatNet Phase-I:

The Union Cabinet on 25.10.2011 approved the project for the creation of the National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN, now BharatNet) to provide broadband connectivity at the Gram Panchayat (GP) level by connecting block headquarters (BHQs) to GPs by using existing fibre of Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs) such as Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), RailTel Corporation of India Limited (RailTel) and Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL) and laying incremental fibre to bridge the connectivity gap up to the GPs. The Government owns the incremental Optical Fibre Cable (OFC), and the ownership of the existing fibre was to be continued to be vested with the current owners. This was considered Phase-I of BharatNet. 

Phase-I was completed in December 2017 with implementation in over 1 lakh GPs. Subsequently, the scope of Phase-I was expanded to 1.25 lakh GPs (Revised work front Phase-I) as per the Cabinet approval of 19.07.2017.

BharatNet Phase-II:

The Cabinet approved a modified strategy for BharatNet on 19.07.2017, which integrates the implementation experience of Phase-I of the project and aligns it with the vision of Digital India. The modified strategy provides an optimal mix of media (OFC, Radio and satellite) to connect Gram Panchayats (GPs). Under Phase II, GPs are to be connected through multiple implementing models like State-led Model, Private Sector Model and CPSU Model, along with Last Mile connectivity in GPs through Wi-Fi or any other suitable broadband technology. Various States covered under different models of Phase II are:

  • State-Led Model: 8 states are being implemented under this model. Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Telangana are at various stages of implementation.
  • CPSU-Led Model: Under this model, BSNL is executing works in four states and union territories. Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Sikkim are at various stages of implementation.
  • Private Led Model: Punjab and Bihar have implemented the private sector model directly by BBNL. Work has almost been completed in both states.
  • Satellite: The satellite component of Phase II is being implemented by  BBNL and BSNL. BSNL is implementing 1408 GPs and BBNL is implementing 3753 GPs. 

The utilisation of BharatNet network:

The utilisation of the network is through leasing bandwidth and dark fibre, Wi-Fi to access broadband or internet services in public places, and Fibre to the Home (FTTH).

As part of the project, the Last Mile Connectivity (LMC) to access broadband or internet services is to be provided through Wi-Fi in public places or any other suitable broadband technology, including FTTH at Government institutions such as schools, hospitals, post offices, anganwadis, police stations, etc. 

The BharatNet tariff details are available at

The total funding of the BharatNet (Phase-I and Phase-II), approved by the Cabinet, is Rs 42,068 crores (exclusive of GST, Octroi and local taxes).

As on 31.12.2023, a total of Rs. 39,825 crore has been disbursed under BharatNet Project since inception of the project. 

The State/UT-wise details of Gram Panchayats made service ready under BharatNet Project during last five years are given in Annexure-I.

Annexure-I - The State/UT-wise details of Gram Panchayats made service ready under BharatNet Project during last five years.

S. No. Name of States/UTs Service Ready GPs
1 Assam 15
2 Bihar 2791
3 Chhattisgarh 5567
4 Haryana 13
5 Jammu & Kashmir 446
6 Karnataka 4
7 Kerala 1
8 Madhya Pradesh 5290
9 Maharashtra 8975
10 Punjab 4781
11 Rajasthan 418
12 Uttar Pradesh 13921
13 Uttarakhand 383
14 West Bengal 554
15 Sikkim 22
16 Chandigarh 0
17 Lakshadweep 9
18 Arunachal Pradesh 859
19 Nagaland 134
20 Manipur 1151
21 Mizoram 420
22 Tripura 225
23 Meghalaya 495
24 Gujarat 8885
25 Daman & Diu 3
26 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0
27 Puducherry 0
28 Andhra Pradesh 3811
29 Telangana 7414
30 Odisha 3258
31 Jharkhand 2096
32 Himachal Pradesh 186
33 Ladakh 142
34 Goa 0
35 Tamil Nadu 1922
36 Andaman & Nicobar 72
  Total 74263*

          * Total 2,10,100 GPs has been made service ready till 15-01-2024. For more details, visit:  

State /UT-wise details of fund disbursed as on 31.12.2023 under BharatNet

S.No. Name of States/UT Total
1 Andaman & Nicobar 24.02
2 Assam 288.37
3 Bihar 1609.50
4 Chandigarh 0.82
5 Chhattisgarh 2635.75
6 Haryana 639.56
7 Jammu & Kashmir 259
8 Karnataka 1336.59
9 Kerala 206.07
10 Maharashtra 5475.29
11 Madhya Pradesh 3951.03
12 Punjab 1330.22
13 Rajasthan 1825.26
14 Uttar Pradesh 5331.15
15 Uttarakhand 348.54
16 West Bengal 641.43
17 Sikkim 87.96
18 Puducherry 9.17
19 Gujarat, D & N, Daman & Diu 3671.50
20 Lakshadweep 0.22
21 Telangana 2144.81
22 Odisha 1308.69
23 Jharkhand 978.88
24 Himachal Pradesh 123.30
25 Andhra Pradesh 1570.57
26 Tamilnadu 815.62
27 Ladakh 0.69
28 NE-I (Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura) 274.72
29 NE-II (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland) 335.88
30 Other Miscellaneous expenses 2600.73
  Total 39825.34

Note: As on 31-12-2023, Rs.  39,825.34Cr has been disbursed from USOF under BharatNet.

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